Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2018, Page: 56-65
Consideration of Contamination Status of Soils within the Vicinity of Automobile Workshops in Warri, Delta State, Nigeria
Doris Fovwe Ogeleka, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Nigeria
Oghenekohwiroro Edjere, Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Nigeria
Ogechi Okokon-Ndem Nmai, Department of Production Programming and Quality Control, Warri Refining and Petrochemical Company, Warri, Nigeria
Prisca Ezeogu, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Nigeria
Felix Ebodaghe Okieimen, University of Benin, Geo-Environmental and Climate Change Adaptation Research Centre, Benin City, Nigeria
Received: Jul. 17, 2018;       Accepted: Aug. 20, 2018;       Published: Oct. 26, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjc.20180604.14      View  184      Downloads  24
Abstract
This research appraised the extent of contamination in soils within the vicinity of automobile workshops in Warri, Delta State, Nigeria. This was with the view of ascertaining the effects of the estimated contamination would have on the quality of soils and terrestrial organisms in the impacted soils. The soils were moderate to slightly acidic with a range from 5.42 ± 0.04 to 6.41 ± 0.13. Zinc contamination in the soils was very severely contaminated (C/P index 0.85), lead had very slight contamination index of 0.11 while copper was moderated polluted with a C/P index value of 2.57. The soils had contamination factor (CF) greater than 6 in all the metals, indicating very high contamination. The degree of contamination was 163.25, implying very high degree of contamination. The pollution load index value of 5.47 obtained for n=3 (metals) showed that the soils had very intense perturbation. Iron being relatively abundant in nature has no C/P value as the lists of standards formulated by Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR) excludes iron. Contamination factor obtained for TPH varied from 41.88 to 47.27. The soils were rated to be excessively contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. There was significant variations between the controls and the contaminated soils at levels of P =.05. The impacted soils could have detrimental effects on the quality of soils and terrestrial organisms within and around automobile workshops.
Keywords
Automobile Workshops, Contamination Factor (CF), Contamination / Pollution Index (C/P), Degree of Contamination (DC), Pollution Load Index (PLI), Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Soils
To cite this article
Doris Fovwe Ogeleka, Oghenekohwiroro Edjere, Ogechi Okokon-Ndem Nmai, Prisca Ezeogu, Felix Ebodaghe Okieimen, Consideration of Contamination Status of Soils within the Vicinity of Automobile Workshops in Warri, Delta State, Nigeria, Science Journal of Chemistry. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 56-65. doi: 10.11648/j.sjc.20180604.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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