Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015, Page: 11-17
Improvement of Dyeing and Weighting Properties of Silk Via Grafting with Acrylic (AA) and Glycidyl Methacrylate (GMA)
S. H. Abdel Fattah, Textile Research Division, National Research Centre Dokki, Giza, Egypt
A. M. Ramadan, Textile Research Division, National Research Centre Dokki, Giza, Egypt
S. M. Abo El-Ola, Textile Research Division, National Research Centre Dokki, Giza, Egypt
M. Abdelkreem, Textile Research Division, National Research Centre Dokki, Giza, Egypt
Received: Dec. 30, 2014;       Accepted: Feb. 15, 2015;       Published: Mar. 2, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjc.20150301.12      View  2881      Downloads  186
Abstract
Copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA) and /or glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) with silk was carried out using H2O2/Cu2+reduced system. The results revealed that increasing H2O2 concentrations enhance polymerization up to 0.078 meq/l and also decreased the (TC) and (GY). Presences of Cu+2 ions up to 5 mmol/l accelerate the polymerization of (GY), (GE) and (TC). Increasing GMA and AA concentrations within the range studied were accompanied by enhancing (GY) in contrast with the (HP), (GY), (TC), and (GE) while the (HP) decrease. Crease recovery angle increased from 233o to 324o in the dry state. Dyeability as well as weighting and moisture regain properties were also improved.
Keywords
Silk, Grafting, Crease Recovery, Dyeing, Moisture Regain
To cite this article
S. H. Abdel Fattah, A. M. Ramadan, S. M. Abo El-Ola, M. Abdelkreem, Improvement of Dyeing and Weighting Properties of Silk Via Grafting with Acrylic (AA) and Glycidyl Methacrylate (GMA), Science Journal of Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, pp. 11-17. doi: 10.11648/j.sjc.20150301.12
Reference
[1]
Hu C., Yejuan T. & kai S. Easy-care finishing of silk fabrics with a novel multifunctional epoxide. Part 2. J. Soc. Dye. & col. 116 (2000) 204-207.
[2]
Zaisheng C. , Guochuan J. & Shaojun Y. Chemical finishing of silk fabric. Caloration Technology.117 (2001) 161-165.
[3]
Tsukada M., Arai T., Freddi G., Imai T. & kasai N. Grafting Vinyl Monomers Onto Silk Using Different Initiators: Properties of Grafted Silk J.Appl.Polym,Sci. 81 (2001) 1401-1409.
[4]
Kawahara Y., Shioya M. & Takaku A. Effects of non-formaldehyde finishing process on dyeing and mechanical properties of cotton fabrics. Am. Dyest. Rep. 85 (1996) 88.
[5]
Das A., Saikia C.N. & Hussaain S. Grafting of methyl methacrylate (MMA) onto Antheraea assama silk fiber. J Appl. polym. Sci. 81 (2001) 2633-2641.
[6]
Tsukada M., Imai T., Freddi G., Lenka S. & Kasai N. Grafting of vinyl Monomer onto Silk Using Redox System. Yellowing of Silk. J.Appl.Polym.Sci. 69 (1998), 239-246.
[7]
Bendak A., Abdel-Fattah S.H. & Hebeish A. Graft Copolymerization of Vinyl Monomer Onto Wool Fibers. Die AngewMakro. 43 (1975) 11-25.
[8]
Steitn H. H. & Guarnaccio J. Infrared Study of Oxidized Keratin Text. Res. J. 29 (1959) 492-496.
[9]
Hebeish A. & Bendak A. Redox-initiated vinyl graft polymerization onto wool with thiourea as the reductant. I. Grafting of methyl methacrylate with the hydrogen peroxide–thiourea catalyst system. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 18 (1974) 1305-1317.
[10]
EL-Rafie M.H., Khalil M.I. & Hebeish A. Graft Copolymerization of vinyl Monomers on Modified Cotton, Die Angew.Makromol Chem 37(1974) 149-160.
[11]
Patel A. C., Brahmbhatt R. B., Jain R.C. & Devi S. Grafting of 2-HEMA on IPP and in situ chlorinated PP through solution polymerization J. Appl.Polym.Sci. 69 (1998) 2107-2113.
[12]
Hebeish A. & Bendak A. Redox-initiated vinyl graft polymerization onto wool with thiourea as the reductant. I. Grafting of methyl methacrylate with the hydrogen peroxide–thiourea catalyst system. J. Appl. Polym.Sci. 18 (1974) 1305-1317.
[13]
Tsukada M. & Freddi G. Absorption of metal cations by modified mori silk and preparation of Fabrics with Antimicrobial Activity. Polym.Material Encyclopedia 10 (1996) 7728.
[14]
Harris J.A. & Arthur J.C. Single Dye bath Application of Direct, Acid, and Basic Dyes to Cotton-Poly (Glycidyl Methacrylate) Fabrics. Text. Res. J. 46 (1976) 219-223.
[15]
Hamerton. I. Recent Developments in Epoxy Resins. Smithers Rapra Publishing (1996)176 pp.
Browse journals by subject